42 Questions to Test Your Knowledge of American Independence

Bob Tiede - 4th of July

How well do you know the story of American independence? It’s time to put your knowledge to the test!

We’ve compiled a challenging quiz covering key events, figures, and facts about the birth of the United States. This quiz will challenge both novices and experts alike. For your convenience, we’ve created a downloadable PDF version so you can take the quiz offline or bring it to your holiday gatherings with friends and family.

Let’s dive in! And don’t forget to share the PDF with your friends, colleagues, and family. It’s a great way to spark interesting conversations and learn together!

Your Score:

10+ Correct:  You are a Sparkler!

20+ Correct:  You are a Firecracker!

30+ Correct:  You are a Firework!

40+ Correct:  You stole the Show!

(Answers at the Bottom)

  1. When was each of the 13 Colonies established?

  2. When was the Boston Tea Party?

  3. Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death”?

  4. When did Paul Revere make his famous ride?

  5. Who was the writer of “Paul Revere’s Ride”?

  6. Who was the British commander in the colonies in 1776?

  7. When did the Continental Congress vote for independence?

  8. Who Drafted the Declaration of Independence?

  9. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

  10. Where was the Declaration of Independence signed?

  11. When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

  12. What are 3 things that the Declaration of Independence talks about?

  13. How many men signed the Declaration of Independence?

  14. What does the painting below depict?

  15. Who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence?

  16. Who was the oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence?

  17. Who was the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence?

  18. Why did George Washington not sign the Declaration of Independence?

  19. How many of the signers of the Declaration of Independence were born in the UK?

  20. Which signer of the Declaration of Independence later recanted?

  21. How many words are in the Declaration of Independence?

  22. What day of the week was July 4, 1776?

  23. What did Benjamin Franklin say when he signed the Declaration of Independence?

  24. What was the population of the newly independent nation of July 4, 1776?

  25. How many Americans died in the Revolutionary War?

  26. How many Redcoats (British) died in the Revolutionary War?

  27. Who did Thomas Paine call the “Royal Brute of Great Britain”?

  28. How long did Britain rule America?

  29. What treaty ended the American Revolutionary War?

  30. Which was the first country to recognize the United States of America?

  31. When did the United Kingdom recognize the independence of the United States?

  32. Where was the first U.S. Capitol?

  33. Where was the second U.S. Capitol?

  34. When did Washington, D.C. become the U.S. Capitol?

  35. When did the Stars and Stripes become the official flag for the United States of America?

  36. Which U.S. president never stood for the playing of the “The Star-Spangled Banner”?

  37. How many U.S. presidents have died on July 4th?

  38. How many U.S. presidents have been born on July 4th?

  39. When did the 4th of July become a paid federal holiday?

  40. When did “The Star-Spangled Banner” become the national anthem of the United States?

  41. When did fireworks become a 4th of July tradition?

  42. How many hotdogs and burgers are eaten on the 4th of July?

Test Your Knowledge of American Independence

4th of July Trivia Answers:

  1. Virginia (1607), New York (1626), Massachusetts (1630), Maryland (1633), Rhode Island (1636), Connecticut (1636), New Hampshire (1638), Delaware (1638), North Carolina (1653), South Carolina (1663), New Jersey (1664), Pennsylvania (1682), and Georgia (1732).

  2. The Boston Tea Party was an American political and mercantile protest that took place on December 16, 1773, by the Sons of Liberty in Boston. The demonstrators boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. Days later the Philadelphia Tea Party, instead of destroying a shipment of tea, sent the ship back to England without unloading. The episodes escalated into the American Revolution, and the Boston Tea Party became an iconic event in American history.

  3. “Give me liberty, or give me death!” is a quotation attributed to American politician and orator Patrick Henry from a speech he made to the Second Virginia Convention on March 23, 1775, at St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia.

  4. On the evening of April 18, 1775, Dr. Joseph Warren summoned Paul Revere and gave him the task of riding to Lexington, Massachusetts, with the news that British soldiers stationed in Boston were about to march into the countryside northwest of the town.

  5. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807 –1882)  is the author of “Paul Revere’s Ride” which starts with, “Listen, my children, and you shall hear

    Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,

    On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-Five….

  6. General William Howe, Commander in Chief of the British forces in America, amassed thirty-two thousand troops on Staten Island in June and July 1776.

  7. July 2, 1776

  8. The Declaration of Independence was drafted by a committee made up of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston. Jefferson, recognized for his ability with words, wrote the first draft; then it was edited by the others, and then edited again by the whole Congress.

  9. On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress officially adopted the Declaration of Independence.

  10. At the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia, later to become known as Independence Hall.

  11. Most of the delegates signed on August 2, 1776, but several—Elbridge Gerry, Oliver Wolcott, Lewis Morris, Thomas McKean, and Matthew Thornton—signed on a later date.

  12. A) “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”   B) “that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.”   C) “To secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”

  13. 56

  14. The painting, by the American artist John Trumbull, depicts the presentation of the draft of the Declaration of Independence to the Second Continental Congress.

  15. John Hancock, a merchant by trade, was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

  16. Benjamin Franklin signed the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776, when he was 70 years old, making him the oldest signer.

  17. Edward Rutledge was 26 years old when he signed the Declaration of Independence in August 1776, making him the youngest delegate to do so. He later served as the 39th governor of South Carolina.

  18. George Washington did not sign the Declaration of Independence. While the Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia, General George Washington and his forces were in New York.

  19. Eight of the men voting for independence from Britain were born in the United Kingdom. Button Gwinnett and Robert Morris were born in England, Francis Lewis was born in Wales, James Wilson and John Witherspoon were born in Scotland, George Taylor and Matthew Thornton were born in Ireland, and James Smith hailed from Northern Ireland.

  20. One signer of the Declaration of Independence who later recanted was Richard Stockton, a lawyer from Princeton, New Jersey.

  21. 1783

  22. Thursday

  23. After signing the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776, Benjamin Franklin reportedly joked, “Gentlemen, we must now all hang together, or we shall most assuredly all hang separately.”

  24. An estimated 2.5 million people were living in the newly independent nation on July 4, 1776.

  25. Between 25,000 and 70,000 American Patriots died during active military service. Of these, approximately 6,800 were killed in battle, while at least 17,000 died from disease. The majority of the latter died while prisoners of war of the British, mostly in the prison ships in New York Harbor.

  26. Redcoats (British Regulars) are estimated to have lost 25,000 men from all causes. This number includes battlefield deaths, deaths from injuries and disease, men taken prisoner, and those who remained missing. It is estimated that around 7 percent of British soldiers deserted and never returned.

  27. Thomas Paine called King George III of England “the Royal Brute of Great Britain” in his 1776 publication Common Sense. Paine also called the king “the Pharaoh of England” and accused him of breaking moral and human obligations, trampling nature and conscience, and inspiring universal hatred.

  28. The British lay claim to the eastern seaboard colonies of North America from 1607-1783.

  29. The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution.

  30. The Kingdom of Morocco.

  31. 1783

  32. The 1st Congress met at Federal Hall in New York.

  33. Philadelphia served as the second U.S. Capitol, meeting in Congress Hall for 10 years.

  34. On November 17, 1800, the 6th United States Congress convened for the first time in Washington, DC.

  35. On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the official flag for the United States of America.

  36. President George Washington never stood for the playing of “The Star-Spangled Banner” because he died on December 14, 1799, and “The Star-Spangled Banner” was first written by Frances Scott Key on September 14, 1814.  

  37. Three: Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died on the same day – July 4, 1826. James Monroe (5th) also died on July 4, but in the year 1831.

  38. The only president of the United States to be born on July 4, 1872, was Calvin Coolidge (30th).

  39. Since 1938, the Fourth of July has been a paid Federal Holiday.

  40. “The Star-Spangled Banner,” written by Francis Scott Key on September 14, 1814, during the War of 1812 with Great Britain, was adopted by Congress as the U.S. national anthem in 1931.

  41. On July 4, 1777, Philadelphia marked Independence Day by adjourning Congress and celebrating with bonfires, bells, and fireworks.

  42. Around 150 million hot dogs are consumed on the holiday, according to the National Hot Dog and Sausage Council. USA Today estimates that Americans eat about 375 million burgers.

Test Your Knowledge of American Independence

Bob Tiede


Bob has been on the staff of Cru for 53 years. He currently serves on the U.S. Leadership Development Team and is passionate about seeing leaders grow and multiply their effectiveness. Bob and his wife, Sherry, live in Plano, TX and are blessed with 4 incredible children and 9 remarkable grandchildren.


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